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Serious Medicine. Extraordinary Care.

Glossary

  • Apnea:
    Temporary absence of breathing
  • Respirator/Ventilator:
    A breathing machine that delivers oxygen directly to the baby's lungs.
  • Bradycardia:
    A slowing of the heart rate- generally 80 beats per minute or less.
  • Surfactant:
    A substance normally present in the lungs, but often is absent or in reduced amounts in premature infants. Its presence helps keep the tiny air passages open to improve breathing. Surfactant is given directly in to their lungs via their breathing tube.
  • Catheter:
    A tiny plastic tube to give or drain fluids.
  • Tachypnea:
    A rapid breathing rate, over 60 breaths per minute.
  • Chest X-Ray:
    An X-Ray picture of the baby's lungs
  • Temperature Probe:
    A probe is placed on the baby's skin to monitor his/her temperature. This helps control the amount of heat from the overhead warmer or isolette.
  • Edema:
    A fluid accumulation in the baby's tissues; swelling
  • Umbilical Artery Catheter (UAC)
  • Umbilical Venous Catheter (UVC):
    This small piece of tubing is threaded into the baby's artery or vein in the belly button which allows blood to be drawn painlessly for lab studies. The venous catheter allows a painless route to deliver fluids and medications.
  • Endotracheal Tube:
    This is a breathing tube that goes from the baby's mouth into his/her windpipe and is attached to a breathing machine that delivers oxygen directly to your baby's lungs.
  • Vital Signs:
    Checking 'vital signs' refers to monitoring temperature, heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure.
  • Hematocrit:
    The measure of the number of red blood cells in a volume of blood.
  • IV (Intravenous Infusion):
    An IV is used to deliver fluids, medications and nutrients to the baby. The IV may be placed either in the hand, foot or scalp.
  • Incubator/Isolette:
    A clear heated box-like that provides warmth for your baby.
  • Monitor:
    A machine that displays baby's heart rate ,breathing patterns , and blood pressure.
  • Pulse Oximeter:
    A machine that continually measures the oxygen in your baby's blood.

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