Transplant Options

Patients with intestinal failure may require an isolated intestinal or liver/intestine/pancreas (multivisceral) transplantation if they can never discontinue Total Parental Nutrition (TPN) and if they have life-threatening complications from parenteral nutrition. Other patients with some TPN liver dysfunction, and an adequate estimated length of intestine, may require only a liver transplant even with the diagnosis of intestinal "failure." The type of operation needed will be determined during the transplant evaluation and may include one of the following:

  • Isolated intestinal transplantation
  • Isolated liver transplantation
  • Combined intestine/liver transplantation (part of the pancreas is included in combined transplants because its location in the body helps in removing the other two organs)
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