Home > Health Library > Neuroscience > Neurological Conditions and Diseases > Back and Neck Pain > Back Pain
Your spinal cord runs downward through a canal in the center of vertebrae in the spine. Nerve roots branch off the cord and go between the individual vertebrae. When problems affect these nerve roots, the condition is called radiculopathy.
A compression fracture is a type of fracture, or broken bone that affects your vertebrae, the bones in your back.
Low Back Pain
Low back pain can range from mild, dull, and annoying to persistent, severe, and disabling pain. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility and interfere with normal functioning.
Lumbar Disk Disease (Herniated Disk)
Lumbar disk disease is caused by a change in the structure of a spinal disk. Most of the time, disk disease is a result of aging and the degeneration that occurs within the disk.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spine in the lower part of your back. Stenosis, which means narrowing, happens when your vertebrae, or the bones of your back, put pressure on your spinal cord or the nerves that pass out from your spinal cord to your muscles.
Sciatica is a pain that originates along the sciatic nerve, which extends from the back of the pelvis down the back of the thigh.
What Is Spinal Stenosis?
Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and pinches the nerves, resulting in back and leg pain.