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Types of Burns
Chemical burns can occur when strong acids or alkalies come in contact with the skin and/or the eyes.
Classification and Treatment of Burns
Burns are classified as first-, second-, or third-degree, depending on how deep and severe they penetrate the skin's surface.
Electrical burns occur when a child comes in contact with electricity, either alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC).
First-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. The burn site is red, painful, and dry, with no blisters. Mild sunburn is an example.
Heat or Thermal Burns
A heat-induced or thermal burn can occur when the skin comes in contact with any heat source, such as a cooking pan, an iron, a fire, a hot surface, or a hot, scalding liquid.
Preventing Burn Injuries
Here are safety tips: Periodically, check electrical plugs and cords for dirt or fraying. When cooking with hot oil, keep your child a safe distance from the stove. Teach your child to stay away from lighters and matches.
Second-Degree Burns (Partial Thickness Burns)
Second-degree burns involve the outer and middle layers of skin. The burn site appears red and blistered, and may be swollen and painful.
This type of burn destroys the top two layers of skin. Treatment for third-degree burns depends on the amount of body surface area affected.