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What Can I Do if I'm at Risk for Prostate Cancer?

If you have any of the factors that put you at risk for prostate cancer, what can you do? The best thing is to try to avoid the risks that you can. There are also lifestyle changes you can make that may help reduce your risk. The role these factors play in helping to prevent prostate cancer is still being studied.

Eating a healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables and low in red and processed meats.

Diets high in animal fat may raise prostate cancer risk. On the other hand, some studies have found that diets high in fruits and vegetables may be linked with a lower risk of prostate cancer. Some research has pointed toward specific foods that might be helpful, but none of these have been shown conclusively to lower prostate cancer risk (which is why most experts recommend a healthful diet as opposed to just eating certain foods).

Tomatoes and tomato products, watermelon, pink grapefruit, and guava are rich sources of the antioxidant lycopene, which some studies have found may help lower risk.

Soy is found in foods such as tofu, tempeh, and miso. Prostate cancer rates are low in Asia. Some researchers think it may be because of all the soy-based products and fish that Asians eat.

Taking medicines called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors

Some studies have found that drugs such as finasteride (Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart) may lower prostate cancer risk. But these drugs can have side effects, and at this time not all doctors agree whether taking them to prevent prostate cancer is a good thing. This may be something you want to discuss with your doctor, especially if you are at high risk for prostate cancer.