Goal of Radical Prostatectomy for Prostate Cancer
Radical prostatectomy is the name of the surgery that removes a cancerous tumor. Its goal is to cure you of cancer. It involves removing all of the following:
The entire prostate
The seminal vesicles, which produce a fluid that is part of semen and help form the duct that carries your ejaculate, called the ejaculatory duct
Part of your urethra, which is the tube that carries urine out of your body
The end of the vas deferens, which, along with the seminal vesicles, makes up the ejaculatory duct
In many cases, the surrounding lymph nodes may contain cancer. If there is a good chance cancer has spread to the lymph nodes (based on the PSA level, digital rectal exam (DRE), and the biopsy results), the surgeon may remove lymph nodes located around the prostate.
This type of surgery is a common treatment for stage I and II prostate cancer.