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How to Prepare for a Radical Prostatectomy

A surgeon that operates on prostate cancer is called a urologist. You’ll meet with your urologist before surgery to talk about any concerns you may have.

There are some things you and your doctor will do to get ready for surgery. You should eat a healthy diet and continue to exercise. Your doctor will make sure that you’re healthy enough for surgery and a smooth recovery. To do that, you’ll need some blood tests. You may also get a chest X-ray and a heart exam, called an electrocardiogram. Both of these tests are painless. You may also talk with your doctor about banking your own blood in case you need blood during the surgery.

About 10 days before your surgery, your doctor is likely to tell you to stop taking some of your medications. Specifically, that may mean not taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This may include over-the-counter drugs such as aspirin or ibuprofen. And it may include some prescription drugs. These drugs can make you more likely to bleed during surgery. If you take aspirin for a heart problem, don’t stop taking it before talking with your doctor. Make sure you tell your doctor about every drug you take.

The day before your surgery, you will likely be able to eat only clear liquids.

The night before your surgery, you may need to clean out your bowels. You may do this by drinking a large amount of liquid medicine. Or you may get an enema.